Diseases & Conditions Treated

 

Any tumor is associated with an abnormal growth of cells in the body, causing severe problems with the utilization of the bodily resources. Tumors go on expanding without proper explanation for their growth; and they can lead to death in most cases. Definition of Fantum tumors (Gulma Roga) Gulma roga is a condition in which any mass of cells is formed within the abdomen. The mass is usually a hard mass and may be benign or malignant. Hence all tumors formed in the abdomen, known as fantum tumors, need not be cancerous. In actuality, though the name ‘tumor’ is used while describing gulma roga, the condition may be just an aggregation of cells resembling a tumor. All tumors and tumor-like growths in the body are caused due to a conflict between the vata and the kapha doshas in the human body. Vata dosha is responsible for the cell division, i.e. the multiplication of cells in the body, while kapha dosha is responsible for the growth of cells.

 

Hence when a person has vitiations of both the vata and the kapha dosha, there is a high degree of risk that a tumor may occur in the body. The condition of gulma in Ayurveda is held in close connection with two other conditions – granthi and arbuda. Granthi is the condition in which a lump or tumor occurs on the body which can be seen from the outside. After a while, this lump might rupture, causing an ulcer, which has been termed as vrana in Ayurveda . Arbuda is the name given to the direct malignant form of cancer. Out of all the three conditions – gulma, granthi and arbuda – gulma is the least serious.

 

Causes and Types of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

In Ayurveda , gulmaroga is thought to be caused due to eight different reasons. Hence it can be said that there are eight types of gulma. The following are the eight types of gulma and their respective causes:-

(1) Vataja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the vata dosha.

(2) Pittaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the pitta dosha.

(3) Kaphaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the kapha dosha.

(4) Vataja-Pittaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of both the vata and the pitta doshas.

(5) Pittaja-Kaphaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of both the pitta and the kapha doshas.

(6) Vataja-Kaphaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of both the vata and the kapha doshas.

(7) Tridosha Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of all the three doshas.

(8) Raktaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the artava dhaatu in women.

 

All the gulmas mentioned above are serious conditions requiring medications.

 

Symptoms of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

 

Depending on the different types of gulma roga that are present, there are different kinds of symptoms. The following table enlists the symptoms of the eight different kinds of gulma. Type of Gulma Location of the Tumor Symptoms Vataja Gulma Tumors are generally located in the large intestine or in the lower abdomen, i.e. in the pelvic region. Pain is observed in the neck and the head. The pain is of a throbbing or cutting type. Enlargement of the spleen, i.e. pleehodara, takes place. Fevers are common, with chills. Digestive problems such as churning sensations in the intestine occur along with chronic constipation, i.e. anaha. There is unexplained loss of weight. Hyper-pigmentation occurs, i.e. there is darkening of the skin. Nails and eyes can also darken. The person can feel movements of the tumor, as well as changes in its shape and size within the abdomen. Pittaja Gulma Tumors are generally located in the small intestine or in the solar plexus. Pain is felt at the location of the tumor. The pain is a searing or burning type of pain.

 

There are characteristic fevers. There are many problems with digestion as pitta is responsible for the digestive fire. Dyspepsia, i.e. amalapitta and diarrhea can occur. Skin undergoes paling of appearance and turns yellow. The nail and eyes also become yellow and can look jaundiced.

 

Kaphaja Gulma Tumors are generally located in the chest or in the stomach. The most remarkable symptom of this type of gulma is that the person loses his/her appetite. Instead there is nausea and vomiting. Fevers are very common, accompanied by chills. The tumor appears to be a hard and inflexible knot-like mass.

 

Vataja-Pittaja Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of the vata and the pitta doshas. Pittaja-Kaphaja Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of the pitta and the kapha doshas. Vataja-Kaphaja Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of the vata and the kapha doshas. Tridosha Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of all the three doshas. Raktaja Gulma These are tumor-like cysts andfibroids that occur in the ovaries and the uteruses in women. In raktaja gulma, which is found only in women, there is the formation of a tumor-like mass instead of an embryo.

 

 People who are at Risk of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

 

As already mentioned above, the combination of vata and kaphadoshas in people are very lethal for the formation of any type of tumors. Hence, people with the dual dosha or vata-kapha are very vulnerable to gulma roga if they do not take the adequate precautions.

 

Diet for People with Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

Since tumors can be caused due to imbalances in all the three doshas, it is necessary to take a proper diet so as not to vitiate any of the doshas further. The common dietary guidelines are beneficial:-

 

Spicy and oily foods must be avoided. Castor oil is one among the few oils that can be safelytaken, and it is even helpful to the condition of gulma roga. Foods that are too hot or too cold must be avoided, as both can vitiate the vata dosha. Foods must not have an excess of any of the tastes. The well-balanced food is that which contains a fair proportion of all the tastes along with the nutrient constituents. Red meats must be totally avoided. Instead white meats like chicken and fish can be had. All kinds of food that can cause constipation must be avoided. This can play havoc with the balance of the pitta dosha in the body. It is not advisable to have any dish that is too dry. All dishes must have a fair amount of liquids in it, i.e. they must contain some ghee, avy or such component. Among fruits, pomegranates, mangoes and dry grapes are beneficial. Lentils must be avoided as they can cause gas and hence bring pressure on to the abdomen. Too many carbohydrates are not good for peoplewith fantum tumors. Hence one must avoid too much of a rice diet and carbohydrate-containing vegetables such as potatoes.

 

 Ayurvedic Treatment of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

 

Gulma roga has several herbs and medications that are prescribed for the treatment. Since there are several types of gulma, there are also correspondingly different types of herbs with different actions. The following is a list of some of the most popular herbs that are prescribed for gulma, along with their specific actions on the human body.

 

Adraka or Sunthi Zingiber officinalis GingerGinger is given to people with gulma roga. It is taken with four times the amount of sesame oil and twice the amount of jaggery in a mixture with milk. This concoction is known to reduce the symptoms of vataja gulma. This recipe is a very ancient medication, suggested by Chakradatta himself. Ashoka (chetti) Saraca indica Ashoka Ashoka is a very potent remedy for the treatment of raktaja gulma in women.

 

Bacha (Vayampu) Acorus calamus Calamus Calamus is prescribed for people with fantum tumors caused due to the vitiations of all the three doshas, i.e. for the tridosha gulma. Bijapura Citrus medica Citron The bijapura is very useful for the treatment of gulma, as itshigh vitamin C content helps in the allaying of the dosha imbalances that cause the gulma roga.

 

Heenga (Kayam) Ferula foetida Asafetida Along with bacha, heenga is also used for the treatment of tridosha gulma. Manjishtha Rubia cordifolia Indian Madder Manjishtha is used for the proper control of raktaja gulma. With the use of manjishtha, therecould be initially an increase in the bleeding, but with continued use, the bleeding will stop completely. Shvetajiraka or Jeera Cuminum cyminum Cumin The seeds of jeera are prescribed in the prevention of fantum tumors. The seeds are powdered and their dry powder is used for oral consumption. Yavani Hyoscyamus niger Henbane Henbane is a

nervine agent. At the same time it helps in relieving the pain and acts as a sedative. Therefore it is prescribed for people with fantum tumors.

 

The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of fantum tumors:-

 

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation

 Asava/Arishta -Pippaladi Asava, Khari Arishta, Rohitaka Arishta, Pancha Asava, Bhasma/Kashaya -Tamara Bhasma, Tila Kwatha, Naga,Bhasma, Choorna -Chitrakadi Choorna, Narayan Choorna, Hinguvastaka Choorna, Bhaskara Lavana Choorna, Hingu Vachadi Choorna, Ghrita- Eladi Ghrita, Indukanta Ghrita, Dhanvantara Ghrita, Lahsunadi Ghrita, Bhallataka, Ghrita, Lehya- Sukumara Lehya, Dhanti Haritaki Lehya, Rasa Lokanathana Rasa, Sootha Shekhara Rasa, Kantha Vallabha Rasa, Vati Gulmaharayoga, Sanjeevani Vati, Chitrakadi, Vati

 

Ayurveda also prescribes some metals for the treatment of fantum tumors. The following are some of the commonly prescribed ones:-

 

Calcium in the form of bhasma of the conch shell Sodium carbonate in the form of a Gulmanaashaka called Swarjikshara

 

Sodium bicarbonate in the form of Gulmanaashaka called Tanaka

 

It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be

consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

 

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